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Database of Teaching Sources

A database of selected, reviewed, tested, assessed and validated e-learning based language teaching sources addressed to Higher education students for the learning of 18 different European languages.

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Winter sports in Bulgaria

Date of Publication

no date/recent

Target Group


Domain Area

Journalism & multimedia

Learning Scenario

Autonomous learning
Classroom Context

Target Language


Language of Instruction

Any language

CEFR level


Type of Material


Linguistic Features





Free brochure authored by the Bulgarian Ministry of Tourism.
A 24-page richly-illustrated informative and insightful source.
This well-structured source offers substantial information on the topic in standard colloquial Bulgarian with basic, specific and terminological vocabulary.
Information is presented in several sections: 1. The best-kept secret. 2. All nature's treasures in a nutshell. 3. At the crossroads of cultures. 4. White Water – Kayak and Rafting. 5. Aqua Tourism. 6. Scuba Diving. 7. Wind Surfing. 8. Paragliding. 9. Skydiving. 10. Bungee Jumping. 11. Map. 12. Mountain Biking. 13. Motocross. 14. Trekking. 15. Caving. 16. Rope Gardens, Via Ferrata, Canyoning. 16. Rock Climbing.17. Ice Climbing.18. Backcountry Skiing . Sport in the Big Cities .
Its advertising nature notwithstanding, source offers a wealth of factual and photo material which can be used for language study.
The brochure has versions in English French, German, Spanish, which make it usable in different linguistic environments.

Case study

Source was tested by Bulgarian lecturer at the University of Melitopol in groups of B1 to C1 level.
Students responded positively to the dynamic source, language content and photos and map.
1. Did you like the resources?
2. Were they useful to improve your language skills?
3. Did they increase your motivation to study Bulgarian as LSP?
4. Do they represent an innovative approach to LSP learning?
5. From the technical point of view, are they easy and intuitive to use?
Together with other (video) sources and in combination to guided writing prompts, the source was successful used. The contents of this kind of source has proved to be particularly enjoyed by students. Source has motivated students' not only as prospective informed tourists to Bulgaria, but also as tourist agents and organizers of sports events.


The resource can be used for listening comprehension, oral communication, acquisition of specialized vocabulary and writing skills.
Level A2-B2; can be extended to C1, together with other sources.
Various types of activities can be suggested:
In conversation, students identify the context of communication and the topic, the participants interacting in the dialogue, the relation between them three characteristics of each of the participants
Expected results:
Students acquire the specialized vocabulary related to the topic of source.
Students gain knowlege of specific local aspects and problems both from a general broad and specific cultural point of view and from a business perspective; and from an industry-specific point of view (medicine, hospitality industry, economics, sociology).
Source stimulates creative approach to writing,
1. Lecturer introduces topic to student/group/class.
2. Lecturer gives key vocabulary by summarizing the main points about winter sports tourism in Bulgaria: benefits, logistic details, added value.
Vocabulary can be classified into: international, international adapted, Bulgarian, terminological.
3. Pair and group work: learners are given sections from material / content. Task: investigate, present, discuss.
4. Homework: create similar content.


Comprehensive approach
Capacity to match the needs of lecturers and students


Added value
The provided tangible improvements


Motivation enhancement
The capacity to motivate students to improve their language skills


Effectiveness in introducing innovative, creative and previously unknown approaches to LSP learning


Measurement of the transferable potential and possibility to be a source of further capitalisation/application for other language projects in different countries


Skills assessment and validation
Availability of appropriate tools for lecturers to monitor students’ progress and for students to assess own progress and to reflect on learning


Flexibility of the contents and possibilities for the LSP lecturers to adapt the contents to their and to students’ need


Assess the technical usability from the point of view of the lecturer and the student


Assess the accessibility from the point of view of the lecturer and the student


Source offers comprehensive approach to topic and adjacent vocabulary, phrases, sentences, text blocks and vicuals.This useful resource for engaging, productive and assessable LL motivates both students and teachers in their use of general and terminological vocabulary in clear phrasing on an important topic of wide concern: environment and climate change. An engaging and entertaining resource by its power. By bringing in these short presentations (which can be used for pair work, debatate, presentation etc.), these materials enhance language skills and environmental responsibility.
Source offers a comprehensive roadmap for studying the basic relevant items of topic.
Both informative and motivating, source provides improvements to the curious learner.
Traditionally used in language learning, ad materials can be innovative inasmuch as language samples for developing speaking, reading and writing skills.
Source type is totally transferable to other projects.
Can be used for skills assessment and validation of speaking, reading and writing skills.
Flexibility of content makes source adaptable to various needs, as source can be used both in its entirety and in parts/sections (e.g.maps).
As conceived by authors of content and designer, soft and/or hard copies of the source are easy to use by anyone.
Source is free and accessible on the portal.
Website of the Teaching Source: