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Database of Teaching Sources

A database of selected, reviewed, tested, assessed and validated e-learning based language teaching sources addressed to Higher education students for the learning of 18 different European languages.

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Pilgrimage tourism in Bulgaria

Date of Publication

no date; recent/updated

Target Group


Domain Area

Arts & Music
Teacher Education

Learning Scenario

Autonomous learning
Classroom Context

Target Language


Language of Instruction

Any language

CEFR level


Type of Material


Linguistic Features





Free brochure authored by the Bulgarian Ministry of Tourism.
A 24-page richly-illustrated informative and insightful source.
This well-structured source offers substantial information on the topic in standard colloquial Bulgarian with basic, specific and terminological vocabulary.
Information is presented in several sections: 1. Some facts about Bulgaria you ought to know. 2. The mysteries of North-Eastern Bulgaria. 3. A trip to the holy places of Northern Bulgaria. 4. Christian monuments in Northwestern Bulgaria. 5. Serdica (Sofia) is my Rome. 6. Map. 7. The holy monasteries-masterpieces of architecture, art and culture. 8. The mysteries of Southern Bulgaria. 9. Plovdiv. 10. The holy Rhodopes Mountains. 11. The Rupite area. 12. The Southers Black Sea coast. 13. A trip to the holy places of other religious communities: Dzhumaja mosque, the Synagoue in Sofia. 14. Church feasts and traditions.
Its advertising nature notwithstanding, source offers a wealth of factual and photo material which can be used for language study.
The brochure has versions in English French, German, Spanish, which make it usable in different linguistic environments.

Case study

2. Source was tested by the Bulgarian lecturer at the University of Melitopol.
Level: B1 to C1. No.of students: groups of 7-10.
Source was found useful and motivational, as it presents the wealth of Bulgarian heritage in an attractive manner. The topics are well researched, the map is exact and comprehensive.
Students were interested in the variety of religious traditions of the Balkans and answered positively to the questions:
1. Did you like the resources?
2. Were they useful to improve your language skills?
3. Did they increase your motivation to study Bulgarian as LSP?
4. Do they represent an innovative approach to LSP learning.
5. From the technical point of view, are they easy and intuitive to use?
Source was supported by video material (produced by Bulgarian National TV) coomonly used by lecturer in class.


The resource can be used for listening comprehension, oral communication, acquisition of specialized vocabulary and writing skills.
Level A2-B2; can be extended to C1, together with other sources.
Various types of activities can be suggested:
In conversation, students identify the context of communication and the topic, the participants interacting in the dialogue, the relation between them three characteristics of each of the participants
Expected results:
Exposure to contextualized genuine spoken language
Students acquire the specialized vocabulary related to the topic of source.
Students gain knowlege of specific local aspects and problems both from a general broad and specific cultural point of view and from a business perspective; and from an industry-specific point of view (medicine, hospitality industry, economics, sociology).
Source stimulates creative approach to writing,
1. Lecturer introduces topic to student/group/class> Christian Orthodox, Jewish and Muslim landmarks in Bulgaria.
2. Lecturer gives key vocabulary by summarizing the main points about different ethnic and religious groups in Bulgaria: benefits, logistic details, added value.
3. Pair and group work: learners are given cut-out sections from material / content.
Task: investigate, present, discuss.
4. Homework: create similar content on another topic chosen from brochure.


Comprehensive approach
Capacity to match the needs of lecturers and students


Added value
The provided tangible improvements


Motivation enhancement
The capacity to motivate students to improve their language skills


Effectiveness in introducing innovative, creative and previously unknown approaches to LSP learning


Measurement of the transferable potential and possibility to be a source of further capitalisation/application for other language projects in different countries


Skills assessment and validation
Availability of appropriate tools for lecturers to monitor students’ progress and for students to assess own progress and to reflect on learning


Flexibility of the contents and possibilities for the LSP lecturers to adapt the contents to their and to students’ need


Assess the technical usability from the point of view of the lecturer and the student


Assess the accessibility from the point of view of the lecturer and the student


This useful resource for engaging, productive and assessable LL motivates both students and teachers in their use of general and terminological vocabulary in clear phrasing on an important topic of wide concern: environment and climate change. An engaging and entertaining resource by its power. By bringing in these short presentations and lectures, these materials enhance language skills and responsibility for the world cultural heritage and spiritual values of various ethnic communities.
Source offers a comprehensive roadmap for studying the basic relevant items of topic.
Both informative and motivating, source provides improvements to the curious learner.
Traditionally used in language learning, ad materials can be innovative inasmuch as language samples for developing speaking, reading and writing skills.
Source type is totally transferable to other projects.
Can be used for skills assessment and validation of speaking, reading and writing skills.
Flexibility of content makes source adaptable to various needs, as source can be used both in its entirety and in parts/sections (e.g.maps).
As conceived by authors of content and designer, soft and/or hard copies of the source are easy to use by anyone. Copies are dowloadable and can be cut to be used either independantly or in correlation with other sections.
Source is free and accessible on the portal.
Website of the Teaching Source: