This project (2020-1-PT01-KA226-HE-094809) has been funded with support from the European Commission.
This web site reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Select language  >  EN ES HU IT LT PT RO

Database of Teaching Sources

A database of selected, reviewed, tested, assessed and validated e-learning based language teaching sources addressed to Higher education students for the learning of 18 different European languages.

Back to Teaching Sources

Balneo, spa and wellness

Date of Publication

no date, recent

Target Group


Domain Area


Learning Scenario

Autonomous learning
Classroom Context

Target Language


Language of Instruction

Any language

CEFR level


Type of Material


Linguistic Features





Source is a brochure authored by the Bulgarian Ministry of Tourism, a 24-page richly-illustrated informative and insightful. It is easily accessible and downloadable;
Well-structured, it offers substantial information on the topic in standard colloquial Bulgarian with basic, specific and terminological vocabulary.
Information is presented in several sections: 1. Bulgarian on the world map. Climate and natural resources. 2. Mineral waters of Bulagaria: a brief history of water therapy from the Thracians to present. 3. Places. 4. Map of major baleneo, spas and wellness centres in Bulgaria. 5. Centres today. 6. Bulgaria as a source of health.
Its advertising nature notwithstanding, source offers a wealth of factual and photo material which can be used for language students.
Source has versions in English French, German, Spanish, which make it usable in different linguistic environments.

Case study

Source was tested at University of Melitopol in a group of B1 students.
Lecturer used the soft copy for a succint general presentation of the topic, starting with map on p.12.
Students were asked to choose three sections; lecturer presented the basic facts and vocabulary.
Students were invited to ask question on the section presented and given the choice
Students were asked the following questions: 1. Did you like the resource? 2. Were it useful to improve your language skills? 3. Did it increase your motivation to study Bulgarian as LSP? 4. Does it represent an innovative approach to LSP learning? 5. From the technical point of view, are they easy and intuitive to use?


The resource can be used for listening comprehension, oral communication, acquisition of specialized vocabulary and writing skills.
Its structure offers an appropriate scenario for an engaging classwork.
Level A2-B2; can be extended to C1, together with other sources.
Various types of activities can be suggested:
In conversation, students identify the context of communication and the topic, the participants interacting in the dialogue, the relation between them three characteristics of each of the participants
Expected results:
Exposure to contextualized genuine spoken language
Students acquire the specialized vocabulary related to the topic of source.
Students gain knowlege of specific local aspects and problems both from a general broad and specific cultural point of view and from a business perspective; and from an industry-specific point of view (medicine, hospitality industry, economics, sociology).
Source stimulates creative approach to writing,
1. Lecturer introduces topic to student/group/class.
2. Lecturer gives key vocabulary by summarizing the main points about wellness, spa and balneo tourism in Bulgaria: benefits, logistic details, added value.
Vocabulary can be divided as follows: Vocabulary related to the topic is given for each section. For the Sunny Corner (last but one section) it includes international words: бриз/breeze, /sports/mineral, медицински и козметични процедури/medical and cosmetic procedures, reflex therapy, лазерна и ароматерапия/laser and aromatherapy, hotel base; adapted collocations: eco prize еко-награда „син флаг, water sports, items, водни спортове и игри, курортният комплекс etc.; and entirely Bulgarian words and expression: възстановяването, изток, кристално чиста вода, курорт, летовниците, калолечение, море, място, открит и закрит плувен басейн, почивка, природа – залив; се намира/расположен е, слънце, слънчев бряг, слънчев ден, съчетанието etc.
3. Pair and group work: learners are given sections from material / content.
Task: investigate, present, discuss. Practice vocabulary and structures.
4. Homework: create similar content.


Comprehensive approach
Capacity to match the needs of lecturers and students


Added value
The provided tangible improvements


Motivation enhancement
The capacity to motivate students to improve their language skills


Effectiveness in introducing innovative, creative and previously unknown approaches to LSP learning


Measurement of the transferable potential and possibility to be a source of further capitalisation/application for other language projects in different countries


Skills assessment and validation
Availability of appropriate tools for lecturers to monitor students’ progress and for students to assess own progress and to reflect on learning


Flexibility of the contents and possibilities for the LSP lecturers to adapt the contents to their and to students’ need


Assess the technical usability from the point of view of the lecturer and the student


Assess the accessibility from the point of view of the lecturer and the student


This useful resource for engaging, productive and assessable LL motivates both students and teachers in their use of general and terminological vocabulary in clear phrasing on an important topic of wide concern: environment and climate change. An engaging and entertaining resource by its power. By bringing in these short presentations and lectures, these materials enhance language skills and environmental responsibility.
Source offers a comprehensive roadmap for studying the basic relevant items of topic.
Both informative and motivating, source provides improvements to the curious learner.
Traditionally used in language learning, ad materials can be innovative inasmuch as language samples for developing speaking, reading and writing skills.
Source type is totally transferable to other projects.
Can be used for skills assessment and validation of speaking, reading and writing skills.
Flexibility of content makes source adaptable to various needs, as source can be used both in its entirety and in parts/sections (e.g.maps).
As conceived by authors of content and designer, soft and/or hard copies of the source are easy to use by anyone.
Source is free and accessible on the portal.
Website of the Teaching Source: