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A database of selected, reviewed, tested, assessed and validated e-learning based language teaching sources addressed to Higher education students for the learning of 18 different European languages.

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A Start-up Handbook / Alustava ettevõtja käsiraamat

Date of Publication


Target Group


Domain Area

Business & Communication

Learning Scenario

Autonomous learning
Classroom Context

Target Language


Language of Instruction

Any language

CEFR level


Type of Material

Guiding resources (online course/book)

Linguistic Features



Critical Thinking


The present resource is a handbook for a start-up. As stated in the Introduction, the resource has been compiled on the basis of the basic training materials of the start-up entrepreneur of Enterprise Estonia and its aim is to disseminate basic knowledge of entrepreneurship among as many entrepreneurs as possible. The handbook provides a step-by-step guidance through the process of starting a business - from inspiration to an action plan. It will be useful for anyone either thinking of entrepreneurship as a career choice, or willing to start their own business, or have already taken the first steps and seek advice for the future. At the end of the Handbook, there are two Appendices containing references to further resources.

Case study

The Handbook is divided into chapters, each of which contains both readings on the relevant topic and tasks. The information is given in a convenient and concise format: the texts are of varying length, but are generally fairly brief. After the text there is usually a summary given in a convenient bullet form, which makes it easy to follow the logic of argumentation and steps to be taken in the entrepreneurial activity. Each such instructional text is then followed by practical tasks, whose aim is to enhance the acquisition of the material presented as well as to make projections into the real-life examples and one's own individual plans.


Since this resource has been specifically designed as a comprehensive resource for would-be entrepreneurs, it should be very easy to incorporate it into the classroom setting, either in its entirety, or selecting chapters of interest. The students can be assigned the resource for individual work, or may be divided in teams, each team allotted a chapter for study and then presentation to colleagues. The end-of-chapter questions and tasks should provide both substantial food for thought as well as invite critical thinking, both if covered in the classroom, or individually. The tasks often offer an engaging simulation environment where the learner is asked to develop a vision, a plan, a strategy, and so on. All materials are in Estonian, and the resource itself is intended for Estonian audience; hence, it is most suitable for learners with a substantial command of the language.


Comprehensive approach
Capacity to match the needs of lecturers and students


Added value
The provided tangible improvements


Motivation enhancement
The capacity to motivate students to improve their language skills


Effectiveness in introducing innovative, creative and previously unknown approaches to LSP learning


Measurement of the transferable potential and possibility to be a source of further capitalisation/application for other language projects in different countries


Skills assessment and validation
Availability of appropriate tools for lecturers to monitor students’ progress and for students to assess own progress and to reflect on learning


Flexibility of the contents and possibilities for the LSP lecturers to adapt the contents to their and to students’ need


Assess the technical usability from the point of view of the lecturer and the student


Assess the accessibility from the point of view of the lecturer and the student


The resource is intended for beginning entrepreneurs whose native language is Estonian. It provides a step-by-step guidance on not only how to start a business, but also on personality traits an entrepreneur should have as well as other considerations involved in a businessperson’s career. As an authentic source, the Handbook thus gives both insights into the target culture as well as valuable professional advice.
Although the resource is only available as a publication in pdf format, it contains both readings, thought-provoking tasks, and discussion questions, which makes this resource open to creating a variety of engaging activities on the spot. As there are also true stories of how various businesses were started, the resource is likely to have valuable practical implications.
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