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Database of Teaching Sources

A database of selected, reviewed, tested, assessed and validated e-learning based language teaching sources addressed to Higher education students for the learning of 18 different European languages.

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Cultural tourism in Bulgaria

Date of Publication

no date, recent

Target Group


Domain Area


Learning Scenario

Classroom Context

Target Language


Language of Instruction

Any language

CEFR level


Type of Material


Linguistic Features





Source is easily available on the site and downloadable, richly-illustrated, highly informative and insightful.
This well-structured source offers substantial information on the topic in standard colloquial Bulgarian with basic, specific and terminological vocabulary.
Information is presented in several sections: 1. Nature and development of Bulgarian civilization. 2. The Thracians’ world and heritage. 3. From the Middle Ages to modernity. 4. the Bulgarian capitals. 5. First Bulgarian Kingdom. Pliska and Veliki Preslav. 6. The medieval capital of Bulgaria – Veliko Tarnovo. 7. Sofia – ancient and forever young. 8. Paragons of Christian art – churches and monasteries.9. Development of iconography. 10. The magic of Bulgarian museum villages and towns.11. Traditional crafts and holidays. 12. Cultural life and arts nowadays.
The brochure has versions in English French, German, Spanish, which make it usable in different linguistic environments.

Case study

2. Source was tested by the Bulgarian lecturer at the University of Melitopol in an A2 group of 10 students.
The resource can be used for listening comprehension, oral communication, acquisition of specialized vocabulary and writing skills.
The landmarks presented in source were chosen for an introduction to this vast topic.
The content was found to be appropriate for the language level.
Photos and map were found to be particularly useful and used (map) also in hard copy, to entice responce.
Lecturer suggested a combination of this source with short videos produced by Bulgarian National TV commonly used by lecturer.
As in the case of similar sources, its structure was taken as a roadmap for extended teaching.


From the various types of activities based on this source, if one chooses the sections of Paragons of Christian art and Iconography:
1. Lecturer introduces the topic against the general historical background; offers the chronology suggested,
2. Lecturer introduces some basic vocabulary for the arts, art forms, trends, styles, techniques;
3. Bulgaria emerges ás a multi-ethnic country, which will stimulate students to engage in guided conversation:
- Are you familiar with the ethnic groups and languages spoken in Bulgaria? Do they exist as immigrants to your country? etc.
In conversation, students identify the context of communication and the topic, the participants interacting in the dialogue, the relation between them three characteristics of each of the participants
Expected results:
Exposure to contextualized genuine spoken language
Students acquire the specialized vocabulary related to the topic of source.
Students gain knowlege of specific local aspects and problems both from a general broad and specific cultural point of view and from a business perspective; and from an industry-specific point of view (medicine, hospitality industry, economics, sociology).
Source stimulates creative approach to writing,
1. Lecturer introduces topic to student/group/class.
2. Lecturer gives key vocabulary by summarizing the main points about wellness, spa and balneo tourism in Bulgaria: benefits, logistic details, added value.
3. Pair and group work: learners are given sections from material / content. Task: investigate, present, discuss.
4. Homework: create similar content


Comprehensive approach
Capacity to match the needs of lecturers and students


Added value
The provided tangible improvements


Motivation enhancement
The capacity to motivate students to improve their language skills


Effectiveness in introducing innovative, creative and previously unknown approaches to LSP learning


Measurement of the transferable potential and possibility to be a source of further capitalisation/application for other language projects in different countries


Skills assessment and validation
Availability of appropriate tools for lecturers to monitor students’ progress and for students to assess own progress and to reflect on learning


Flexibility of the contents and possibilities for the LSP lecturers to adapt the contents to their and to students’ need


Assess the technical usability from the point of view of the lecturer and the student


Assess the accessibility from the point of view of the lecturer and the student


This useful resource for engaging, productive and assessable LL motivates both students and teachers in their use of general and terminological vocabulary in clear phrasing on an important topic of culture. An engaging and entertaining resource, resource brings in dense short presentations which can be kenel lessons. These materials enhance language skills and cultural awareness as well as responsibility for the world cultural heritage.
Source offers a comprehensive roadmap for studying the basic relevant items of topic.
Both informative and motivating, source provides improvements to the curious learner.
Traditionally used in language learning, ad materials can be innovative inasmuch as language samples for developing speaking, reading and writing skills.
Source type is totally transferable to other projects.
Can be used for skills assessment and validation of speaking, reading and writing skills.
Flexibility of content makes source adaptable to various needs, as source can be used both in its entirety and in parts/sections (e.g.maps).
As conceived by authors of content and designer, soft and/or hard copies of the source are easy to use by anyone.
Source is free and accessible on the portal.
Website of the Teaching Source: